India and China both have a surplus of males, but only one country has an out-of-control rape epidemic.
On Feb. 23, 2016, an Indian woman, within hours of giving birth by C-section, was raped in a hospital near New Delhi. Some in India took consolation in the fact that at least she was not, like Nirbhaya—the 23-year-old female physiotherapy intern—beaten up after being raped.
A few days later, on March 8, 2016, on Women’s Day, a 15-year-old girl was raped and set on fire.
For those who don’t remember, in December 2012, Nirbhaya was beaten with iron rods, gang-raped, and tortured in a private bus while she was traveling with her boyfriend. As a result of international outrage over her assault and subsequent death, new laws and new fast-track courts were promised. More women are now willing to report rape cases. But even two years after Nirbhaya, her father claims that the promises of reform were unmet and that justice in India has failed his daughter and women like her.
Women reported almost 34,000 rapes in 2018, barely changed from the year before. Just over 85 percent led to charges, and 27 percent to convictions, according to the annual crime report released by the Ministry of Home Affairs.
NCRB data 2018: 1 rape reported every 15 minutes in India ” WHY “
In India, a woman is reportedly raped every 15 minutes. Multiply that by 24×7, 365 days a year. And keep in mind the majority of rape cases still go unreported. The statistics on crime against women is even worse: Every 2 minutes, women in India is a victim of a crime. This ongoing issue with violence against women raises the real and serious question of whether India is truly ready for a seat on the global table.
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Legal loopholes and social conditioning
“Rape is a non-bailable offense in the Indian penal code,” Anuja Trehan Kapur, a New Delhi-based criminal psychologist and advocate, told DW. Kapur has assisted government officials in high-profile criminal cases, including the 2012 gang rape.
“But people do get bail because of a lack of evidence [in many cases]. The accused are often sheltered by police, or politicians, or even lawyers,” Kapur added.
Some researchers say the rape problem in India is not just a legal issue, as one cannot ignore its social aspect.
“We have a patriarchal society in India, which gives more importance to men. Women are usually considered second-class citizens,” Dr. Shruti Kapoor, a feminist activist and founder of the Safety Trust organization, emphasized.
“Children internalize this at a very young age. A girl’s wishes and her opinions are not considered as important as that of a boy’s. The female child learns to be subservient from the beginning,” Kapoor added.
Experts point out that violence against girls and women usually takes place in their immediate surroundings. According to the National Crime Records Bureau data from 2017, 93% of all rapes in India are perpetrated by people known to the victim. These could be family members, friends, neighbors, employers, and even online friends.
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TOP REGIONS BEHIND WOMAN SAFETY AND Sexual violence problem
1. Few female police
2. Not enough police in general
3. Blaming provocative clothing
4. Acceptance of domestic violence
5. A lack of public safety
6. Stigmatizing the victim
7. Encouraging rape victims to compromise
8. A sluggish court system
9. Few convictions
10. The low status of women